Wawasan Baru 2019 Seputar Kanker, Terutama Penyakit Kanker Payudara dan Kanker Pankreas

Wawasan Baru 2019 Seputar Kanker, Terutama Kanker Payudara dan Kanker Pankreas

Kanker adalah jenis penyakit dimana sel-sel agresif bertumbuh dan membelah menjadi berkembang di luar batas normal. Kanker bersifat invasif (menyerang dan menghancurkan jaringan yang berdekatan) dan/atau bersifat metastasis (menyebar ke lokasi lain di dalam tubuh). Sifat penyakit kanker tersebut menjadi pembeda dari tumor jinak, yang pertumbuhannya terbatas dan tidak menyerang atau bermetastasis, walaupun beberapa jenis tumor jinak juga berkemungkinan menjadi ganas.

Kanker dapat menyerang siapa pun di segala usia, bahkan janin sekali pun. Akan tetapi risiko untuk varietas yang lebih umum cenderung meningkat dengan pertambahan usia. Selain manusia, penyakit kanker juga dapat menyerang hewan. Hampir semua jenis kanker disebabkan oleh kelainan pada materi genetik dari sel yang ditransformasi. Kelainan genetik ini diduga disebabkan oleh efek karsinogen, seperti asap tembakau, radiasi, bahan kimia, maupun agen infeksi.

Misteri pengobatan medis yang benar-benar efektif untuk melawan kanker, masih terus diteliti oleh para ilmuwan. Berikut sedikit ulasan mengenai wawasan baru seputar penyakit kanker berdasarkan hasil penelitian.

Sistem Terapi Kanker Terbaru 2019 : MAEGI

Sel-sel kanker tergolong ahli dalam menghindari deteksi medis. Namun menurut laporan pada 14 Oktober 2019 di jurnal Nature Immunology, para peneliti sedang mengembangkan sistem baru. Para ilmuwan Universitas Yale dapat membuat sel kanker tampak menonjol dan membantu sistem kekebalan tubuh mendeteksi serta menghilangkan tumor yang mungkin terlewatkan oleh bentuk-bentuk imunoterapi lainnya.

Sistem baru yang menggunakan model tikus ini, berhasil mengurangi atau menghilangkan melanoma dan payudara triple-negative serta tumor pankreas. Bahkan meskipun terletak jauh dari sumber tumor primer. Sidi Chen yang merupakan asisten profesor genetika sekaligus penulis senior untuk penelitian ini, mengatakan bahwa sistem ini adalah bentuk imunoterapi yang sama sekali baru.

Imunoterapi telah merevolusi pengobatan kanker, tetapi berbagai terapi yang ada selama ini tidak bekerja efektif pada semua pasien penyakit kanker, bahkan ada yang tidak efektif sama sekali terhadap beberapa jenis kanker. Terapi yang ada selama ini kadang-kadang gagal mengenali semua penyamaran sel kanker secara molekuler. Oleh karena itu, menjadikannya kurang efektif.

Untuk mengatasi kekurangan berbagai terapi kanker yang ada selama ini, lab Chen mengembangkan sistem baru menggunakan terapi gen virus dan teknologi pengeditan gen CRISPR. Alih-alih menemukan dan mengedit potongan DNA serta menyisipkan gen baru, sistem baru yang disebut MAEGI (Multiplexed Activation of Endogenous Genes as Immunotherapy) meluncurkan perburuan besar-besaran dari puluhan ribu gen yang berhubungan dengan penyakit kanker.

Kemudian MAEGI bertindak seperti GPS untuk menandai lokasi sel kanker dan memperkuat sinyal. Dengan demikian, memungkinkan sistem kekebalan tubuh bergerak dengan cepat menemukan dan membasmi sel-sel tumor dan kanker yang mematikan.

Sistem baru yang masih dalam tahap pendalaman ini diharapkan harus efektif terhadap segala jenis kanker, bukan beberapa jenis kanker saja, termasuk jenis kanker yang saat ini kebal terhadap imunoterapi. Para peneliti akan mengoptimalkan sistem agar lebih sederhana dan sedang mempersiapkan uji klinis pada manusia (pasien kanker).

Kombinasi Pengobatan Inovatif Kanker Pankreas

Tim peneliti dari University of Rochester Wilmot Cancer Institute melaporkan bahwa menggabungkan jenis terapi radiasi dengan imunoterapi tidak hanya dapat menyembuhkan penyakit kanker pankreas pada tikus, tetapi juga memprogram ulang sistem kekebalan tubuh manusia untuk menciptakan “memori kekebalan” dengan cara kerja yang mirip seperti vaksin.

Hasilnya, pengobatan kombinasi juga dapat menghancurkan sel-sel kanker pankreas yang telah menyebar ke organ hati yang menjadi tempat umum bagi penyakit kanker bermetastasis. Jurnal Cell Reports menerbitkan penelitian ini, dengan Scott Gerber, Ph.D dan Bradley Mills, Ph.D sebagai penulis penelitian tersebut.

Mereka juga memimpin tim besar kolaborator dari Departemen Bedah University of Rochester (Mikrobiologi dan Imunologi, Patologi dan Laboratorium Kedokteran, Onkologi Radiasi, dan Kedokteran Lingkungan).

Penyakit kanker pankreas bersifat agresif dan para penderitanya umumnya memiliki peluang hidup yang tak lama. Pada lebih dari 80% pasien kanker pankreas, mereka ditemukan sudah dalam stadium lanjut ketika diputuskan untuk menjalani pembedahan. Selain itu, kemoterapi biasanya tidak efektif. Kanker pankreas dikenal sulit untuk diobati karena dikelilingi oleh protein beracun dan jaringan lain yang melindungi sel kanker.

Para peneliti dari Wilmot mencari kombinasi pengobatan inovatif yang dapat melakukan dua hal sekaligus, yakni : mengaktifkan T-cells untuk menyerang kanker dan mengubah immune-suppressing cells menjadi pejuang.

Kombinasi yang mereka gunakan terdiri dari stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) dan interleukin-12 (IL-12). Namun IL-12 masih sering disertai efek samping yang keras. Untuk mengatasi masalah itu, para peneliti masih terus mendalami hal ini untuk meminimalisir efek samping.

Bawang Putih dan Bawang Merah Sahabat Payudara

Bawang putih dan bawang merah adalah bahan utama dalam sofrito (jenis saus bumbu yang digunakan dalam masakan Portugis dan Amerika Latin). Bawang putih dan bawang merah juga bisa menjadi resep menurunkan risiko penyakit kanker payudara. Hal tersebut berdasarkan temuan penelitian para ilmuwan dari University of Puerto Rico dan University at Buffalo.

Studi ini berbasis populasi pertama yang meneliti adanya hubungan antara mengonsumsi bawang putih dan bawang merah dengan penyakit kanker payudara. Hasilnya dipublikasikan pada jurnal nutrisi dan kanker. Gauri Desai sebagai penulis utama studi tersebut, yang merupakan mahasiswa epidemiologi PhD di University at Buffalo, menjelaskan bahwa hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa wanita di Puerto Rico tinggi asupan bawang putih dan bawang merah di dalam sofrito, dikaitkan dengan rendahnya risiko kanker pada payudara.

Faktanya wanita yang lebih dari 1 kali per harinya mengkonsumsi sofrito, ternyata memiliki risiko penurunan sekitar 67% terhadap kanker payudara, dibandingkan wanita yang tak pernah atau jarang mengonsumsi sofrito. Gagasan penelitian ini berawal dari bukti sebelumnya yang secara ilmiah menunjukkan bahwa mengonsumsi bawang putih dan bawang merah memiliki efek baik berupa perlindungan terhadap penyakit kanker.

Puerto Rico merupakan tempat yang tepat untuk penelitian tersebut, karena para wanitanya mengonsumsi bawang putih dan bawang merah dalam jumlah lebih besar dibandingkan para wanita Eropa dan Amerika Serikat. Bawang putih dan bawang merah di Puerto Rico juga dikonsumsi teratur dalam masakan guisos dan dalam masakan Puerto Rico berbahan utama kacang maupun nasi.

Selain itu, Puerto Rico mempunyai tingkat penyakit kanker payudara lebih rendah daripada daratan Amerika Serikat. Lalu mengapa penelitian berfokus pada bawang putih dan bawang merah? Sebab dua bahan tersebut kaya senyawa organosulfar dan flavonol.

Bawang putih juga mengandung senyawa lainnya seperti dialil disulfida dan S-allylcysteine. Sedangkan dalam bawang merah terkandung alk(en)yl sistein-sulfoksida. Senyawa-senyawa tersebut bersifat anti-kanker pada manusia.

Tahapan Luar Biasa Perkembangan Islam di Afrika

Perkembangan Islam di Afrika

Tahukah Anda, Islam di Afrika hampir sama tuanya dengan kemunculan agama Islam itu sendiri yakni Islam telah masuk ke Afrika dari sebelum dimulainya kalender Hijriyah. Sampai saat ini, Islam menjadi salah satu agama yang terbesar di Afrika. Komunitas kaum muslimnya sudah tersebar setengahnya di wilayah Arab Maghribi di Afrika Utara yaitu berada di negara-negara Libya, Mesir, Tunsia, Aljazair, Sahara Barat, dan Maroko. Selain itu, komunitas muslim juga tersebar di negara di kawasan Afrika Sub-Sahara.

Penyebaran agama Islam di Afrika dilakukan dengan berbagai cara, misalnya ekpansi melalui panaklukan misalnya seperti yang terjadi di Afrika Utara.  Selain itu, jumlah penganut agama Islam di Afrika juga terus berkembang pesat baik karena pertumbuhan penduduk maupun aktivitas dakwah disana.

Pada mulanya, agama Islam telah tersebar di Afrika pada masa kekhalifahan Rasyidin dan masuk melalui wilayah Mesir, Ethiopia, Nubia, dan Afrika Utara. Orang Afrika yang paling awal masuk Islam ialah Bilal bin Rabah, beliau adalah seorang budak yang dimerdekakan menjadi sahabat Nabi SAW. Untuk lebih menambah pengetahuan tentang perkembangan Islam yang terjadi di Afrika, pada artikel kali ini Kami akan membahas tentang tahap sejarah perkembangan Islam yang terjadi di Afrika.

3 Tahap Sejarah Perkembangan Islam yang terjadi di Afrika

Tahukah Anda, perkembangan peradaban dan ajaran Islam di Afrika terjadi secara bertahap. Menurut Margari Hill (sejarawan yang berasal dari Stanford University) menyatakan bahwa tahapan sejarah yang sudah dilewati Islam di sub-Sahara ada tiga. Hal itu dituangkan dalam tulisannya dalam tulisannya, The Spread in West Africa.

Ketiganya dijelaskan sebagai berikut:

  • Tahap Penahanan

Ajaran Islam sendiri kehadiran awalnya dianut hanya oleh komunitas yang saat itu terhubung melalui kegiatan perdagangan di wilayah trans-Sahara.  Menurut Hill, pada abad ke-11 Masehi seorang geografer yang memiliki nama Al-Idrisi pada abad 11 Masehi mencatat bahwa di wilayah Gahana dan Tekur ada beberapa pendatang yang datang dari orang Arab dan Afrika Utara.

Agama islam dikawasan Afrika Barat, penyebarannya tidak lepas dari peran para ulama dan saudagar. Mereka sangat berperan besar terhadap proses penyebaran di wilayah Afrika Barat. Selain itu, para pedaganga muslim terpelajar juga telah banyak memberikan bantuan kepada kerajaan yang merupakan non-muslim di bidang administrasi tersebut dengan cara memberikan fasilitasi perdagangan yang dilakukan jarak jauh. Fasilitas tersebut diberikan dengan cara membuat aturan kredit, kontrak, dan juga informasi jaringan.

Diawali abad ke-8 sampai dengan abad 13 M, antara penduduk Afrika Barat dan orang muslim akhirnya mempunyai hubungan yang mulai meningkat. Negara muslim juga mulai muncul serta berkembang di wilayah Sahel sejak saat itu. Saat itu pula raja-raja di Afrika memberikan izin muslim untuk bergabung. Akhirnya di pertengahan lembah Senegel, kerajaan Islam yang dengan nama Tekur dilaporkan sudah ada pada abad ke-11 M.

  • Tahap Percampuran

Tahap yang kedua yaitu tahap percampuran. Sesudah di sub-Sahara perkembangan Islam terjadi dengan pesat, di Afrika banyak penguasa yang mulai mengikuti ajaran agama Islam. Meskipun disana banyak penduduk kerajaan yang mempunyai budaya dan kepercayaan yang berbeda-beda, akan tetapi beberapa penguasa selanjutnya mencampur agama Islam menggunakan ajaran lokal dan juga budaya Mereka. Para ahli menyebut fase inilah sebagai periode campuran.

Selain itu, Islam juga diadopsi oleh kekaisaran Mali. Beberapa wilayah kekuasaan kekaisaran Mali sendiri yaitu mencapai Senegal, Mali modern, dan sebagian Guinea dan Mauritania. Kekaisaran Mali sebenarnya merupakan suatu negara yang mempunyai kelompok budaya dan agama yang beragam. Sebenarnya, Sunjiata Keita yang mendirikan kerajaan Mali bukan orang yang menganut ajaran Islam. Namun, raja Mansa Musa lah yang merupakan raja pertama yang kemudian masuk agama Islam. Kemudian, Islam dijadikan agama yang resmi di kerajaan oleh raja Mansa Musa. Ia juga telah melakukan ibadah haji ke Mekkah. Ibadah haji yang ditunaikan Raja Mansa Musa terdengar sampai ke Eropa akibat dana dan kekayaan yang dikeluarkan sangat besar. Pengeluaran selama proses perjalanan raja Mansa Musa ke Tanah Suci sampai mendevaluasi nilai jual beli emas di negara Mesir dalam kurun waktu beberapa tahun.

  • Tahap Reformasi (Abad ke-19)

Tahap yang ketiga yaitu tahap reformasi. Pada tahap ini, perkembangan Islam di wilayah sub-Sahara ditandai dengan adanya gerakan jihad di Afrika Barat yang terjadi di abad ke 19 Masehi. Peran penting yang dimiliki kaum muslim di pengadilan yaitu sebagai penasihat dan pengacara. Para ulama dan juga kaum muslim yang terpelajar saat itu menyadari akan pentingnya melakukan gerakan reformasi. Saat itu, umat muslim mengubah kegiatan keagamaan yang Mereka sempat dicampurbaurkan kepercayaan lokal dan budaya oleh penguasa Afrika dengan mengadopsi nilai Islam sesuai dengan syariah. Akhirnya, reformasi tersebut menjadikan kekhalifahan Sokoto lahir di negara Umarian tapatnya di Senegambia dan di Tanah Hausa.

Sementara itu, masuknya Islam ke Afrika bagian selatan ialah melalui para budak Melayu yang dibawa orang Eropa ke wilayah tersebut. Selain itu, penyebaran Islam di Afrika tidak lepas dari persaingan antara Islam dan Kristen dan juga antara Islam dan westernisasi sekuler. Meskipun demikian, Islam di Afrika tetap terus berkembang sangat pesat. Hampir separuh dari total penduduk di Afrika adalah muslim, hingga tahun 2002 jumlah umat Islam diperkirakan mencapai 45% dari pnduduk Afrika itu sendiri.

Faktor politik dan ekonomi juga mempengaruhi perkembangan Islam yang terjadi di Afrika. Dari segi politik sendiri di Afrika banyak sejumlah tokoh muslim yang menduduki jabatan tertinggi di negaranya sehingga penyebaran Islam di Afrika semakin mudah. Contohnya saja, Muammar Khadafi menjadi pemimpin muslim kontemporer Libya.

Selain itu, dari segi ekonomi, Afrika Selatan merupakan negara maju dengan kekayaan tambang, terutama yang bernilai seperti emas, berlian, dan platinum. Sistem perundangan, keuangan, energi infrastruktur yang modern juga menjadi faktor yang membuat hubungan Afrika dengan negara Islam di luar benua Afrika menjadi lebih dekat. Hal itu tentunya membuat perkembangan Islam yang terjadi di Afrika terus meningkat.

3 Ilmuwan Peraih Nobel Prize karena Mengembangkan Baterai Lithium-Ion

3 Ilmuwan Peraih Nobel Prize karena Mengembangkan Baterai Lithium-Ion

Baterai lithium-ion yang dapat diisi ulang memberikan daya pada sebagian besar gadget kita, mulai dari telepon pintar (smartphone), laptop, mobil listrik dan sebagainya. Di tahun 2019 ini ada tiga pria yang merupakan bagian integral dari perkembangan baterai lithium-ion yang dianugerahi Hadiah Nobel (Nobel Prize) dalam bidang kimia, antara lain John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham dan Akira Yoshino. Mereka menjadi ilmuwan yang memperoleh Nobel Prize 2019 untuk pengembangan baterai lithium-ion.

Simak sedikit ulasan profil mengenai tiga ilmuwan yang memperoleh Nobel Prize 2019 yang berperan dalam bidang teknologi, terutama pengembangan Baterai Lithium-Ion.

Nobel Prize 2019 : Michael Stanley Whittingham

Pria yang dilahirkan di Nottingham, Inggris pada tahun 1941 ini adalah seorang ahli kimia. Michael Stanley Whittingham saat ini merupakan profesor kimia dan direktur di Institute for Materials Research dan Materials Science, serta Engineering Material di Binghamton University. Ia dianugerahi Nobel Prize 2019 dalam bidang kimia.

Whittingham adalah tokoh kunci dalam sejarah pengembangan baterai lithium. Dia menemukan elektroda interkalasi pada tahun 1970-an untuk pertama kalinya dan menjelaskan konsep reaksi interkalasi untuk baterai isi ulang pada akhir 1970-an. Dia memegang hak paten asli pada konsep penggunaan kimia interkalasi dalam kepadatan daya tinggi, baterai lithium yang sangat reversibel. Karena itu, ia disebut Bapak Pendiri baterai lithium yang dapat diisi ulang.

Whittingham menjalani pendidikan formal di Stamford School di Lincolnshire dari tahun 1951-1960, sebelum melanjutkan ke New College, Oxford untuk mendalami Kimia. Di Universitas Oxford, ia memperoleh gelar BA (1964), MA (1967), dan DPhil (1968). Setelah menyelesaikan studi pascasarjana, Whittingham menjadi mahasiswa pascadoktoral di Universitas Stanford. Ia kemudian bekerja di Exxon Research & Engineering Company selama 16 tahun.

Whittingham kemudian menghabiskan 4 tahun bekerja untuk Schlumberger sebelum menjadi profesor di Universitas Binghamton. Dari tahun 1994 hingga 2000, ia menjabat sebagai wakil rektor Universitas untuk proyek penelitian. Dia juga menjabat sebagai Wakil Ketua Yayasan Penelitian di Universitas Negeri New York selama 6 tahun.

Whittingham saat ini telah menjadi Profesor Kimia dan Ilmu Material dan Teknik yang terkemuka di Binghamton University. Ia diangkat sebagai kepala petugas ilmiah NAATBatt International pada 2017. Whittingham bersama-sama mengetuai studi DOE Penyimpanan Energi Kimia pada tahun 2007 dan sekarang menjadi Direktur Northeastern Center untuk Penyimpanan Energi Kimia (NECCES), pusat Departemen Energi Energi Frontier Research (EFRC) A.S. di Universitas Binghamton.

Nobel Prize 2019 : John Bannister Goodenough

Peraih Nobel Prize 2019 dalam bidang kimia ini dilahirkan di Jena, Jerman pada tanggal 25 Juli 1922. Goodenough lahir dari orang tua berkebangsaan Amerika. Ia adalah seorang ilmuwan dan fisikawan Amerika. Peraih Nobel dalam bidang kimia ini adalah profesor teknik mesin dan ilmu material di University of Texas di Austin.

Goodenough secara luas dikreditkan dengan identifikasi dan pengembangan baterai lithium-ion, untuk mengembangkan aturan Goodenough-Kanamori dalam menentukan tanda perubahan superex magnet dalam material, dan untuk pengembangan seminal dalam memori akses acak komputer.

Selama dan setelah lulus dari Universitas Yale, Goodenough menjabat sebagai ahli meteorologi militer A.S. dalam Perang Dunia II. Dia melanjutkan untuk mendapatkan gelar Ph.D. dalam bidang fisika di Universitas Chicago. Kemudian ia menjadi peneliti di MIT Lincoln Laboratory, dan menjadi kepala Laboratorium Kimia Anorganik di University of Oxford. Sejak tahun 1986, ia telah menjadi profesor di sekolah teknik di UT Austin.

Goodenough telah dianugerahi Medali Sains Nasional, Medali Copley, Penghargaan Fermi, Penghargaan Draper, dan Japan Prize. John B. Goodenough dianugerahi Nobel Prize 2019 dalam bidang Kimia dan di usianya yang ke-97 tahun, ia menjadi penerima Nobel tertua dalam sejarah.

Nobel Prize 2019 : Akira Yoshino

Akira Yoshino lahir di Suita, Jepang pada 30 Januari 1948. Ahli kimia Jepang ini bekerja di Asahi Kasei Corporation sekaligus menjadi seorang profesor di Universitas Meijo di Nagoya. Dia menciptakan baterai lithium-ion pertama yang aman dan diproduksi secara luas untuk penggunaan telepon seluler maupun notebook. Yoshino menghabiskan seluruh karir non-akademiknya di Asahi Kasei Corporation.

Yoshino lulus dari Kitano High School di Osaka City pada tahun 1966. Ia mendapat gelar B.S. pada tahun 1970 dan gelar M.S. tahun 1972 di bidang teknik dari Universitas Kyoto. Kemudian meraih gelar doktor dalam bidang teknik dari Universitas Osaka pada tahun 2005. Segera setelah lulus dengan gelar magisternya pada tahun 1972, Yoshino mulai bekerja di Asahi Kasei. Dia mulai bekerja di Laboratorium Kawasaki pada tahun 1982 dan dipromosikan menjadi manajer pengembangan produk untuk baterai ion pada tahun 1992.

Pada tahun 1994, ia menjadi manajer pengembangan teknis untuk produsen LIB A&T Battery Corp. yakni perusahaan gabungan Asahi Kasei dan Toshiba. Sejak 2017, Yoshino telah menjadi profesor di Universitas Meijo dan statusnya di Asahi Kasei telah berubah menjadi honorary fellow.

Selama masa kuliahnya, Yoshino menghadiri kursus yang diajarkan oleh Kenichi Fukui yaitu orang Asia pertama yang menjadi Peraih Nobel dalam bidang kimia. Ternyata Yoshino mengikuti jejak Kenichi Fukui dengan memperoleh Hadiah Nobel Prize 2019.

Penghargaan lainnya yang penah diterima Akira Yoshino, antara lain : Chemical Technology Prize (1998), Battery Division Technology Award (1999), Ichimura Prizes in Industry (2001), Pujian untuk Sains dan Teknologi oleh Menteri Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Olahraga, Sains dan Teknologi (2003), Medal with Purple Ribbon (2004), Yamazaki-Teiichi Prize (2011), C&C Prize (2011), Medali IEEE untuk Teknologi Lingkungan dan Keselamatan (2012), Global Energy Prize (2013), Charles Stark Draper Prize (2014), Japan Prize (2018), European Inventor Award (2019).

How to Win at Betting – 97% Win Rate Guide Or Money Back Review

How to Win at Betting - 97% Win Rate Guide Or Money Back Review

Gambling is a game of chance. You never know in advance how good or bad things will turn out. On the other hand, there are so many unknown factors in such uncertain events, that it would be foolish to call them statistics. Most unpredictable of all is when people will be overtaken with how to play to win at betting. Results may vary and no one can accurately predict the outcome of any of the three outcomes as all of them are still uncertain. That being said, the outcome of such unpredictable events, has a lot to do with the methods and systems that people use to bet.

Since its inception in the United States almost a hundred years ago, football betting has come to be a very popular betting system activity. This is so because of the fact that football is a game of chance. If you want to win at betting, then you would need to do your homework and learn all the necessary information that will support you in placing your bets. Hone your knowledge further by seeking advice and guidance from seasoned betting experts. It is through their experiences and insights that you can accurately predict the possible outcome of the game.

There are so many betting systems such as the Sports Betting Champ, 1-3-2-1, the angle shooter, the spin the ball, and the win pick road underdog, etc. These systems have different probabilities in determining the outcome of the game. If you are a beginner, you have to remember that there is no perfect way to predict the result of the game. So what you can do is to choose a betting system that will give you a high chance of winning your bets or winnings. If you have substantial amount of funds, you can buy the best of the best systems and start earning for yourself.

Choosing the best betting program such as the Sports Betting Champ can be intuition. The system analyzes the trends of the different games happening at the specific places and time in the calendar month. It then gives you the best picks that have the maximum probability of winning. This way, you can avoid bad bets and can patiently wait for the accurate picks in the month of December.

To be effective and reliable, you really have to understand the underlying principles of the 7meter betting. There are a lot of betting systems such as the Gambler’s Fallacy, the Martingale, the Race Horse Betting and Laying Winter Profits to name a few. They are now and then advisable. However, in terms of building a reliable income stream online betting is the only way to go. You have to be patient and stick to the plan. Once you adopt the winning system for NFL betting, you are half way through. You might lose a game or two, but with the right plan and patience you can go on to win and earn from your bets. Be patient and always remain level headed and do not let the result of the game disturb you. With the right scheme for NFL betting, its not uncommon to witness income in the near future.

There are also many online betting guides that offer NFL betting systems. This is a good option to consider if you do not want to have to develop your own betting system from scratch. These betting systems can be used to evaluate past betting performance and can be profitable.

Choosing a betting system is important since a poorly chosen system can lead to losses. However, even the best of systems can be modified and improved to yield results. You might want to have your betting system replaced by a more powerful one once you have sufficient proofed results.

Do not forget to check the logic and reasoning behind a betting system before You start placing bets. Perhaps the most important thing to remember when using any betting system is to take care of your bankroll and to make sure that you treat it as an investment rather than a gamble.

Keep these tips in mind to increase your chances of winning and to minimize your losses.

Poker Playing Tips – Guide to Playing the Bank Selections

Poker Playing Tips - Guide to Playing the Bank Selections

Essentially, there are two choices for playing the townies at the crap tables. You can be classed as an entry-aire or a sucker, depending on how many chips you bring to the table.

This can be a life form. One could become a millionaire overnight, but unless you win that big pot, you’re doomed to lose, and will remain doomed to lose.

His philosophy was simple enough though. He would enter a game with $100 at the start of the evening. If he lost the whole lot, he would take a bullet and die. He would then be succeeded by another player who brought $100. The game continued with each player remaining until they all had accumulated $200 in chips. This was when the shoot-out began.

The Shooting Close

Once the shoot-out was complete, fifteen players would remain. They now had to compete for the $100 and $200 in a final showdown. Beforehand each would enter the stakes of $10, $5, $2 and the companies all the other standard bets.

When the shooting was completed, it was time for the final showdown. This unknowingly would be the most memorable hand in Texas Holdem history.

The Hand was Played

It was a basic suit-trick straight. It was blind folded, as always. Doyle Brunson, the mouth, sported a limp and pats the turf. He wanted no part of Texas Holdem.

Red thus entered the game and went on to win the dip. If poker is a game of bluffs, Brunson had the bluff of a Professional Poker Player. All he could not do was keep Poker alive, at least through skilled hands.

Remember, all of this happen in slow-motion, not the least moving being the actual flipping of the cards. If you’re wondering what the Texas Holdem Rules are, think of a shuffle. Take a standard deck of 52 cards and shuffle them. Let us know if you feel the deck is not enough or too tight. Take not away the 52 cards and let us know the exact numerical value of the cards. Or, to eh, put another card?

The High-Low Game

It was the High-Low Game. Everyone played two of four, betting and raising to build the pot. Once the four were made, the highest hand went one better and so on. In poker, if you have different cards to compete with, you can play with what you have or play with what you may be able to create.

In Texas Holdem, unlike the other games, all the cards are shuffled before the start of the game. Some see this as a negative, the dealer taking more cards than necessary, a practice also called a shuffling machine. These cards are then strategically dealt to the players in a clockwise motion.

To move the cards, each player is given a often number of face-down cards. At the same time, the player sitting directly left of the bola88 (the ‘ider’ or the ‘hand chief’) deals the top card of the remaining deck. This is the ‘showdown’ location. The player directly to the left of the ‘ider’ then deals the bottom card.

As far as the betting goes, the dealer usually just deals to the players who posted the blinds. Once the flop gambling round is completed, the dealer deals each player two additional cards, usually taking from the top of the deck. At this point, the players can either bet or check,neither choosing to make any further moves in the game.

The game is then continued with the same principal players, who either remain in the hand, or leap to other card hands in an attempt to improve their hand. once again, after the flop the game continues in the same principal manner.

The Lessons

Firstly, the dealer at the outset and especially after the initial deal ought to display a sign on the front of the machine, that is readable. generally this is a large diamond logo with the word ‘Blowout’ emblazoned.

It is best to be very sparing with these machines, as the mere thought of using one illicitly apsects the gamblers against the company and inevitably results in tighter security measures.

A few years ago, there was a widespread gambling scare amongst football fans alike. The Guinness report confirmed the presence of a football boom in Ireland, with bets being high and the odd few people doing surprisingly good at betting on the games. Unfortunately for the industry, the liked of bookmaker had short periods of time to react to the awing results. This forced the likes of William Hill and Ladbrokes to send shockwaves through the industry. And Littlewoods and Coral have been much the masters since, riding the boom and maintaining a disciplined service, even during the recession.

How to Win at Online Poker

How to Win at Online Poker

What is your burning question? How do I make money playing online poker? This article is going to reveal the answer to these questions. Read this article now.

How to win at online poker is the aim of many players. Indeed, winning online poker is the dream poker players have. But is there a way to make money from poker online?

There is a way, and that way is through rakeback. And what is rakeback? How do you take advantage of it? This article will reveal the answers to these questions, and it is an easy move you must make if you want to make money playing online poker.

How to win at online poker – My personal take!

To make money at online poker you definitely need to use rakeback. Poker rooms take a small amount out of the pot every time you play a hand. It is called rakeback. Normally you get around 5% of this rake back, but if you Signup through a rakeback provider you can receive up to 33% of your rake back. That means any money you rake in from a poker room is instantly credited to your dewabet account!

It looks pretty good, right? But wait, poker rooms don’t make this kind of money by giving out free money.faigsetic marketing.

How much rakeback can I expect to make from my rakeback deal?

There are two ways to answer this question. First, you can play no more than two tables at a time. It would, of course, take a lot longer than you would play only one table, but the benefits of doubling your rakeback are unmatched. Of course, being able to play more does increase your rakeback, but the benefits of simplifying the way you play are unrivaled.

A second way to answer the question is how much, say, $1,000 of rakeback deals will you need to earn in order to equal the amount of rakeback as in the first section.

The answer is – as long as you can play more than two tables at a time, and play at more than two poker sites at a time.

How much can I expect to earn? You can calculate your rakeback earnings based on the amount of hands that you will play. You also have to take into account the cost of the rakeback deal you are signing up with, which is usually around $10, and the number of players you will against.

But you have options. You can take the advised $10, and sign up for an outright deal. To get the first $10, you’d need to play 1350 hands. If you play 100 hands, you’d need to play 2650 hands. You can then calculate the amount of rakeback you have earned.

But you can also calculate how much you can make by taking into account the first section – the amount of hands that you’ll play, and the cost of the rakeback deal you are signing up for.

This might be slightly better. You can also calculate the rakeback you have earned, the cost of the rakeback deal you are signing up for, and the number of hands played. But there’s a problem with that. Take the first $10 — you can’t exactly convert it into equity (make a deposit and take out a nice raise to double your rakeback), so some parts of it may be wrong.

For example, the cost of signing up for a 33% rakeback deal might be more than $100, and the number of hands played might be lower.

The result when you take these factors into account is sometimes that you won’t get the whole $10 back. You need to also consider the chance that you’d get the whole $10 back, as well as the times it might happen that you’d want to cash out because you can’t play all the hands that are released.

These, and the questions and answers that follow, are common to all rakeback deals and the various poker sites that offer them. When choosing a deal, it’s best to have a lot of information available to you regarding the deal, both the costs and the volume of rakeback deals that you can choose from.

For example, you can visit Reputation. Rakebackriots, who have done most the research and presented the information in one easy to digest format. You can choose for yourself whether or not rakeback is the best type of bargain, but even if you decide that it’s not, you can at least be sure that you are getting your money back.

Why Signing Up With Online Casinos

Why Signing Up With Online Casinos

In the past few years, online casinos have been gaining popularity among U.S. players. The reason is it is an alternative that fits into the busy schedules of many players who love to play the lottery, play slots, play poker, and blackjack. In the past, a long drive was necessary to get to a nearby casino. Today, all you have to do is switch on your computer and start playing.

There are many different reasons why people like to play blackjack online. One of the great reasons is that blackjack is one of the games that offer some of the best odds for the player. The person has the best chance of winning when the card totals 21, or if the cards total less than that total. When played properly, the house edge is very low, around .5%. Most online casinos are designed to offer the lowest house edge to the players.

Another reason for people to enjoy online gambling is that it can be done anytime and anywhere. This means that people can play online at their own convenience. They don’t have to be tied up in the house all the time, and have the freedom to do things they want whenever they want.

When you start finding game sites on the internet, you want to make sure that you read everything very carefully that is offered. Make sure that you know everything about the rules and the areas of the web site that you are in.

Here are some other things you can consider when you choose an online casino to play blackjack at.

  • When looking for online casinos, you want to make sure that there are very many games available for you. A casino will often have a ton of different games for you to choose from, but you do want to make sure that there are more than just blackjack.
  • You can often exchange cards with other players, and make pairs. This is one of the things that make blackjack an exciting game to play. So, check out the online blackjack web sites for this fun feature.
  • Card counting is a great concept. This is a strategy that can help the player to turn the cards in his favor. The player has to remember the cards that have been dealt, and make an estimate of the number of cards left in the deck. Then the player has to place all of his bets in low cards. When he knows that the deck is rich in high cards, or cards of a certain value, the player can increase his bets to get the highest return.
  • Since blackjack is a game of patience, you’ll have to take your time to play. This is one of the reasons that blackjack is so popular among many people. Taking your time to play, rather than getting immediately involved in a game, is going to let you get more of a feel for the type of other players that are at the blackjack table.
  • Another thing to look for is whether the MPO777 game your playing is being played out of a shoe. Some online casinos produce blackjack games that are played against the computer, and the cards are dealt out of a shoe. Look for whether the blackjack game being played has a multi-card dealt shoe. When played this way, the player has more chances of placing the right amount of bets, since he has more opportunities to get an accurate count of the cards.
  • Finally, when you are playing online blackjack, you want to make sure that the blackjack rules are being played correctly. The player needs to make sure that he remembers the different rules that apply, so he can make a decision that will help his chances of winning. Don’t ask the dealers or dealers about the rules – that is beyond the realm of the appropriate blackjack dealer. You can always learn the rules by asking a hands-on blackjack lesson, or checking out a website offering free blackjack trainings and online instruction. Good luck!

Pick 4 No Deposit Strategy

Pick 4 No Deposit Strategy

Pick 4 no deposit bonuses are all the rage right now and for good reason. These sites are literally catering to theWin 4no depositin the States. Some of the no deposit sites are offering free money, and absolutely nothing else, absolutely nothing else, just free money. It is literally a risk free play, but they are going to make you earn it.

Playing the Dewatogel is like going to Las Vegas, every Sunday everyone wants to go and win some money, but 99% of the population will lose their hard earned dollars. Luckily, you can beat the odds and be a winner today. There are even sites offering up to $1000 dollars per month to play, that is $2400 per year.

Some people are so caught up in their success that they have become dealers, when the casinos are the actual gambling establishments.

So what are you waiting for, wake up and try to earn some money, you can start right now, just make a small deposit, or more importantly a large one, and you will start to receive multiple bonuses, there are so many around now.

IBLE disclaimers

  1. These no deposit bonuses are not just free money, they are as close to free money as you can get.
  2. Membership requirements must be met before withdrawing any monies.
  3. Some sites may ask you for a bank account number for minimum bets to be able to withdraw winnings
  4. You will lose your winnings if a number comes up in the draws for a few numbers in your combination.
  5. Make sure you understand the terms and conditions of the site for wagering requirements, you may be required to meet certain proof of income proof requirements.
  6. Some sites offer loyalty rewards, but only from sites that are not their own
  7. Make sure you know how to play the game, what the game is, and what you can win.
  8. Be patient and play tight, the longer you play the more you have a chance of winning.

McFadden advises people to get started with low deposit amounts and build up, then start to scale the fees. This is the slow and steady method and one that requires a lot of patience. Start out with small amounts and slowly increase your bets as you start to win, you don’t want to lose all your money in one go.

Be patient and build up, then start to play for high stakes. People like to claim that one loss and that is it, but poker is a game of losses and small wins. Don’t go on one big win, but make sure you are consistently winning. People love to claim poker is a game of luck, but that’s not the case. Poker is purely based on mathematical analysis, which he turned into a spending hobby.

By being consistent and building up, you will end up being a pro at online poker and be able to make a lot of money

Remember, don’t bet with more money than you can afford to lose, play within your means and above all, have fun.

Slot Machines – Charles Fey, Flashy and More

Slot Machines - Charles Fey, Flashy and More

Charles Fey was an American toy manufacturer, founded inBomb Alley, Chicago in 1883. The move to vigorish and flashier machines occurred after heavy losses in the mid 1800s. By the turn of the century, Fey had become the leader in their trade.

As early as the turn of the century, Charles Fey was already making slot machines, which were little more than gateways to enterprising men’s homes, the perfect places that slots were never supposed to be played. You can always find Fey slot machines outside on the Kansas Speedway, or just about anywhere that a%-rag person can happen to be. Location, location, location.

The quality of the slots that Charles Fey made became better known after the turn of the century. That is, they became known for better quality slot machines, like the Eco slot that had a smaller, more user friendly coin mechanism, and a larger, more interactive bonus feature. Some even argue that the spin on the reel comes around faster. Whatever the case may be, some of the best used slot machines ever made are the ones that Charles Fey made, for his own marketing and in the hopes that those people will flock to his stands in hopes of getting his version of a slot machine.

A “Panen138“, as Charles Fey was fond of saying, was not the type of gambler you wanted to be. He was an unscrupulous individual with a history of cheating people of their money and other forms of cheating, although he never admitted to doing so. He died broke and bankrupt, yet his ghost continues to be a presence to be looked for in many stories about the carnival games that roost the smoke and spirits of the old carnival halls.

Because of the reputation, slot machines later became known as poker machines, a subtle psycheTEACHES the idea that poker is a game of chance, a game of (unconscious) ch starvement where the player is the chump and the goal of the game, and a game where skill comes to the forefront. It’s the exact reason why you see people winning chips off a slot machine even when the slot machine does not pay out. Are the odds in their favor? You bet. What you have to understand is that the expert who has been playing the slot machines longer than the others, usually gets to walk away with the money.

Not that everyone should walk away from a slot machine and win. If you walk away having lost a few dollars, you can always come back again to get the money you lost. But if you walk away broke, you will no longer be able to win that money, which will sad-face cause you to leave the casino (whether or not you want to) in a huff and a half.

A tip to remember when playing slot machines is to always gamble within your limits. Whether you are on a budget or a luxury account, you should always set a limit on the amount that you want to spend or lose in the casino. You can never go wrong walking away with a profit. Make sure you walk away when you are up, even if you are up only a small amount. However, when you get to the half way point and your pot is down to the last dollar, you should then walk away. Too many people keep playing and eventually they end up losing their shirts. That is what happens when you are not prepared.

Check out some gambling web sites for ideas of what places to gamble at and what games to play. When you begin to place bets, go ahead and put in some money the first time, even if you have only been gambling online slot casino games. By doing this, you will have experience, which will help you to learn the nuances of the games, and to prepare yourself for the big leagues when you begin to gamble for big pots.

How to Make Money With Conference Races

How to Make Money With Conference Races

Conference call a sportsbook is a great way to make money or referred to as a place to go to conference championship basketball betting. Sports handicapping is a very intrigued activity for people that bet on basketball, football, baseball and hockey as well as other sports. On all the days of the week, you will see handicappers had up on the sportsbook. They are special because they have intimate knowledge of the sport and can predict the outcome. Hitting the mark is important because the public simply does not turn out to be the winner. There are a lot of reasons for this phenomenon. If you predicted the winner accurately, you are likely to get a lot of money for your efforts. But, if you are just going to guess, than you might as well guess in the dark.

So, what are the requisites for conference championship basketball betting?

  1. Make Intelligent Wagers:

Before you even place your wagers, take time to consider which team will win and by how much. This is, of course, just a suggestion and not a prediction. One mistake that I often come across is betting on my favorite team. Now, I am sure that I will gain revenue just by placing this kind of bets. But, I cannot stress enough that I am not going to live over 200 separate bets.

The requisites for going the extra mile with sports betting are slow and steady wins. If you are going to gain revenue, put in a little extra work. It is not going to be overnight and it will probably take you a year or two to begin to see the rewards. Then, if you stay with me, you will learn how to be a catcher in the domestic leagues. You have to get patient and make fewer mistakes than the other guys.

  1. Know Your MoneyManaging Account:

Set up a separate account for your money management. This will significantly cut down on mistakes and poor money management. Know how much money you have available in your bankroll and figure out what percentage of your bankroll is in your starting bankroll. Be sure you cash out based on the percentage you figure out, but be sure you do not saves more than you need to. Figure out what percentage of your bankroll is in your continuing bankroll and your reserve. Set up a stop loss and take profits, but set a stop loss and accept smaller profits on your wins. Use a stop loss to metal your profits while you are learning.

Remember this: if you do not want to lose money be prepared to shell out a little more than you plan to.

  1. Do Your Homework:

If you are going to bet on basketball, baseball, football, MPO500, you need to do your homework. You need to know what players are injured, how long that player will be out, who is the best pitcher, etc. With the level of parity that exists in this league, even the worst team will have a chance to beat the best team on any given night. You need to win more than 60% of your bets to be ahead. There is no magic answer to winning it all, but if you are going to make it, you are going to need some magic.

The last thing is not to expect that you will make it to the top of the mountain overnight. Many gamblers also fail to win a tournament or a sports bet after a big win. It takes some hard work, but the rewards are well worth the effort. There are many tools available to help the sports bettor. These tools can be used on baseball, football, basketball and hockey as well as on college football and basketball. You do not need to be a master of one of these to make money. You have to dedicate yourself to learning one of them, at least until you learn all of them. Once you stick to the one you are most comfortable with, you will be moving forward with relative ease. Nothing is more frustrating than starting out in one of the sports genre and having to move to another because the system you are using is not working for you.

Roulette RNG – What Is It Anyway

Roulette RNG - What Is It Anyway

What is roulette random number generator (RNG) anyway? And how does it affect the game? As a decent professional gambler that makes a living betting on at roulette RNG, I can only tell you how it truly works. Before you believe me (and you most likely will) I must stress that I am not a mathematician and I’m not claiming this is a fact. I am only stating it is how the RNG works and how reliable the machine is.

Players will never be able to physically see the machine. The whole mechanism is through a device called a Random Number Generator. Of which, there are 104,000,000 possible ones. Once the code is input, the AT Programming Software will take control of the machine and turn the flashing lights nightmare red. The effect is that you feel as if you are really standing in a real casino.

Another thing about the RNG is that it is not user friendly. You have to put in your money BEFORE HOURS AND NOT AFTER WINNING. Imagine having to put money in, take it out, wait for the money to be paid, then go out to buy some food or whatever. It just doesn’t make sense to me. The only good thing about this belief is that it isn’t completely untrue. A RNG is set to a specific amount of numbers that are generated. The chip is placed in the wheel after it for a precise amount of spins.

The reason this is important is because if you have a specific number in mind, say thirty-seven, and the wheel is spinning the number thirty-seven times in a row, the probability for your number to come out on the very next spin is that exact number of times. This is the absolute coldest number in the world of roulette. Nobody knows when it will come out next and if you were to bet on it right now you would be an instant winner. In most pokerrepublik the house usually has the advantage of about 8%. This number leaves you with about 1 in 36 chances to win, assuming you bet on numbers 1-36 or even some other combination.

To make a long story short, in the long run the odds will catch up with you. If you are playing consistently you should expect to lose money. The secret is to have a strategy where you win more than you lose. This is called a risk-reward ratio and it should normally be a 50-50 split. If you want to be a successful roulette player you need to have a system so that you can determine when to increase your bets or when to decrease them.

Now, when you play a program like roulette you want to be using a betting strategy that provides you with a better chance of winning than the house does. That is why I recommend that you use a betting strategy that provides you a good chance of at least breaking even. In fact, if you are profiting and losing at a certain level you may even want to jump to a different game. The most important thing in roulette when to keep increasing your bets is to stay in the game!

Full Size Blackjack Table

Full Size Blackjack Table

The Full Size Blackjack Table is a 7 player position table. Let us review the features of the Full Size Blackjack Table and check out how good it is.

The Full Size Blackjack Table is a product that I have reviewed in great depth. I even spent an hour playing on the board just to check out the comfort that it can offer to the players. Let me tell you that I was not disappointed. The table has a full set of bumper pads around the table. This feature protects sides of the table top from any kind of external damage.

This is a good feature and gives durability to the table. The pads are covered with high grade mildew resistant black vinyl. The mildew resistance increases the lifetime of the table by many years. If you are wondering about what kind of card suits you have, you can simply buy a card case and use that. There is no need to buy a card shuffler since the one provided in the case does the job nicely.

Since the body of the Full Size Blackjack Table is a casino grade one, I can guarantee that the table will not be considered to be a table of late reliability. You can buy one of these tables which can last you several years if maintained properly. There are many other features of the Full Size Blackjack Table which worth to be discussed.

This table comes with power folding legs which makes this table mobile. When you are on the move, you can easily fold the table and keep it in your garage. This will save you the time and the money required to travel to the casino. The table is also provided with a underneath shelf which holds poker chips, playing cards and dice when the players are not playing.

The playing surface of the Full Size Blackjack Table is made of 100%ET ideally suited for casino or bingo. Players can maintain their poker face with just the help of the padded felt surface. The pads are covered with high grade mildew resistant black vinyl which can go on for a long time if maintained properly.

So, if you are planning a weekend kartupoker party and your friends are busy with various other activities, this table can be a solution to your woes. The apart from its looks poker is also a great choice for the game of Texas Hold’em. Whether you domain is online or offline this table can do the job. I will give full marks to Full Size Blackjack Table for it’s looks, quality and price. The poker table can be a gift and consume from the very range of $300 to $500, otherwise it can be a expensive gift.

The outstanding feature of the Full Size Blackjack Table which apart from its looks is also a good feature of the poker table is the foldable feature. When the players are done with the game, you can easily fold the table and keep it in your safekeeping until the next game. This table is a great buy considering the fact that millions of people use it on a regular basis.

Macam-Macam Seni yang Harus Anda Ketahui

Macam-Macam Seni yang Harus Anda Ketahui

Seni mungkin menjadi sebuah kata yang sudah tidak asing lagi di telinga Anda. Memang dalam aktivitas sehari-hari kita selalu berdampingan dengan bermacam-macam seni. Entah hanya sekedar untuk menambah keindahan atau mengambil manfaat yang penting di dalam kehidupan. Tanpa adanya seni di dunia ini maka kehidupan kita seakan hambar dan tidak berwarna. 

Macam-Macam Seni yang Perlu Diketahui

Seni sendiri merupakan induk dari segala cabang yang terdapat di dalamnya. Jika kita berbicara mengenai seni ternyata masih banyak di antara kita yang masih belum mengenali macam-macamnya. Nah, dalam artikel kali ini kami akan mengulas mengenai macam-macam seni yang harus Anda ketahui.

Seni secara umum dibagi menjadi 5 macam, yakni :

  1. Seni rupa

Macam-macam seni pertama yang harus Anda ketahui adalah seni rupa. Seni rupa merupakan salah satu cara untuk menampilkan keindahan dalam karya yang dapat dilihat, diraba, dirasa dan juga dinikmati. Seni ini diklasifikasikan dalam bentuk lukisan, gambar, patung, kerajinan tangan, grafis, multimedia dan juga kriya.

Seni rupa sendiri sudah ada sejak zaman animisme dan dinamisme. Seni ini secara performatif menampilkan wujud kasat mata dengan pertimbangan sinergis lewat media sebagai sebuah dasar dalam perwujudan rupa.

  1. Seni tari

Seni tari adalah macam-macam seni berikutnya yang identik dengan olah atau gerak tubuh untuk menampilkan sebuah keindahan. Gerakan tubuh ini menjadi sebuah media untuk mengkomunikasikan sesuatu dari penari. Keindahan tari terletak pada kepuasan, kebahagiaan, baik dari peraga, koreografer dan juga penonton atau penikmat seni.

Pada umumnya seni tari ini dikolaborasikan dengan jenis seni music. Hal ini bertujuan agar konsentrasi serta kesesuaian gerakan tari nampak sempurna baik dalam perasaan dan penyampaian pesan. Seni tari ini dibagi menjadi 2 bagian yakni tari garapan dan seni tari tradisional.

  1. Seni musik

Seni musik atau sering juga disebut dengan seni audio adalah karya seni berupa bunyi lalu diserap menggunakan indra pendengaran. Rangkaian bunyi yang dihasilkan tersebut memberikan rasa puas dan senang bagi pendengarnya. Hal ini karena adanya susunan yang serasi dari rangkaian tangga nada. Seni music dibedakan menjadi dua jenis yakni music instrumental dan music vocal.

Musik instrumental merupakan jenis musik yang didapatkan dari permainan alat-alat music. Sedangkan music vocal merupakan jenis music yang mengAndalkan suara dari manusia saja.

  1. Seni Drama

Macam-macam seni berikutnya adalah seni drama atau seni teater. Seni teater merupakan jenis seni berupa pementasan pertunjukan di atas panggung. Seni teater ini secara umum merupakan gambaran dari sebuah peristiwa duniawi yang ditampilkan dalam reka adegan maupun perilaku manusia dengan tarian, gerak, nyanyian serta dilengkapi dengan acting dan dialog para pemain.

Seni drama merupakan kesenian yang berwujud seni peran sehingga terdapat beberapa kemampuan dasar yang mesti dimiliki oleh para pemerannya diantaranya memahami karakter, menciptakan naskah serta mengekspresikan karakter yang terdapat dalam naskah tersebut. 

  1. Seni sastra

Seni sastra merupakan seni yang dimainkan dalam susunan rangkaian bahasa, entah secara lisan maupun tulisan yang dapat memunculkan rasa senang bagi mereka yang membacanya. Seni sastra sendiri dibagi menjadi dua jenis yakni puisi dan prosa. 

Dibaca juga : How to Get a Job As a Casino Card Dealer

Puisi merupakan bentuk seni yang menggunakan kualitas bahasa estetika dan menggugah. Sedangkan prosa merupakan seni sastra yang gaya penulisannya tidak terikat berbagai aturan dalam menulis seperti rima, diksi, irama dan lain-lain.

Nah itulah macam-macam seni yang harus Anda ketahui semoga dapat bermanfaat dalam menggali potensi Anda dalam bidang seni. Dengan seni yang ada dalam diri Anda maka Anda bisa mendapatkan pekerjaan sesuai bidang, bakat serta hobi Anda.